When it comes to towing, there are a few key terms and concepts that you need to understand in order to make an informed decision. Gross Trailer Weight (GTW) is the total weight of a trailer and its load, which is calculated as a measure rather than a rating. On the other hand, towing capacity is the maximum allowable weight that a vehicle can tow, as determined by the manufacturer. The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is the maximum loaded weight of the car that the manufacturer has deemed safe, which includes the weight of passengers, cargo, and the vehicle itself. The appropriate weight of the tab for a trailer with a ball hitch should be between 10 and 15 percent of the trailer's gross trailer weight.
Your vehicle's towing capacity is the maximum amount of weight it can safely carry, which changes depending on the configuration, the weight it already carries, and how you distribute and control the load you need to tow. If you exceed this capacity, it can reduce your vehicle's towing capacity. To calculate your vehicle's towing capacity, you'll need to know the total combined gross weight rating of both your vehicle and trailer, as well as all cargo that each will carry. You'll also need to know your vehicle's empty weight - that is, its weight when filled with gasoline and other fluids. Additionally, some trailers are equipped with their own brakes that are electrically connected to the towing vehicle. When shopping for a tow vehicle, it's important to note that manufacturers' calculations assume that only one driver is present.
To calculate the tab weight, you'll take only the weight of the tow vehicle and subtract it from the weight of the tow vehicle with the trailer attached. Whether you're looking for a full-size truck or one of the best SUV trailers, understanding these terms and concepts is essential for making an informed decision.